• Friday, 10 February 2023
  • Lucas Luong

Ethnic community in Northwest of Vietnam

Meeting and becoming acquainted with people of various ethnic groups, as well as discovering their own attractions in the culture and language of the ethnic groups, is one of the highlights that contribute to the allure of the majestic Northwest mountains. In Vietnam, settled ethnic groups have been around for thousands of years, while other ethnic groups have migrated in the last century. Despite their ethnicity, these people are quite friendly, open, and eager to give you handicrafts made by their skilled hands.

Ethnic community in Northwest of Vietnam

The Thai Group

With over 1 million people living, the Thai ethnic group settled down mainly in provinces such as Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Son La, Hoa Binh, Yen Bai and scattered in some northern mountainous provinces. The Thai people also have other names called Tay with many small groups of Tay Dam, Tay Khao, Tay Muoi, Tay Thanh, Hang Tong, Pu Thay, and Tho Da Bac. 

Thai people use a variety of languages and scripts. They have preserved many ancient Thai books that record the nation's history and love songs until the present day. Thai costumes, like those of other ethnic groups, frequently reveal their own cultural identity. Women's costumes typically include the following items: short tops, long dresses, skirts, scarves, hats, leggings, necklaces, and bracelets.

When it comes to cuisine, one of the more distinctive ingredients of the Thai people is sticky rice, which can be spotted in every meal of the Thai people. Besides, Com lam is also a specialty of the Thai ethnic group, often used on holidays, Tet holidays, or treating guests.

The Mong Group 

The Mong are a large ethnic group in northern Vietnam. The Mong people, along with 53 other ethnic groups, have always been a part of the great national unity bloc's unity and have contributed to enriching the culture of Vietnam's ethnic groups.

H'mong people include many branches: Hoa Mong, Black Hmong, and White Hmong living scattered throughout the Northwest mountains. 

The unique feature of the costumes of the Mong people is that they are quite eye-catching and colorful. If you have the opportunity to once set foot on the northwest land, it will not be difficult for visitors to see the image of girls in colorful scarves who are enthusiastically working.

The Muong Group

Along with 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam, the Muong (also known as Mol, Mual, Moi) has a population of more than one million people. They have the same origin as the ancient Vietnamese, residing in many northern provinces, especially in Hoa Binh province. The cultural identity of the Muong ethnic group is associated with Hoa Binh culture, which was born more than ten thousand years ago.

The Muong ethnic people are well-known for their unique music, the songs and verses they tell are often strangely attractive to listeners.

The Dao Group

The Dao people are one of the most populous and unique ethnic groups, living mainly in the Northwest mountainous provinces like Sapa town. Red Dao women often wear very special costumes with red headscarves and many silver costumes.

The Dao people are famous for their diverse folk games including many different genres. There are ritual games such as exercises in the field, divination, and dancing; games for drinking such as finger pointing, and song answering, or games on Tet holiday such as catching rope with fingers, swinging, spinning, etc.

The Tay Group 

The Tay people were present in Vietnam very early, possibly from the second half of the first millennium BC. They have a tradition of water farming. In the past, they already knew how to do intensive farming and applied various irrigation methods in farming such as digging ditches, building troughs, and embankments, and making poles to collect water to irrigate the fields.

The Tay people have their own script as well as a long-preserved cultural tradition. They often live in lowland areas, fertile soil, and wear indigo-dyed clothing.

In short, ethnic groups in the Northwest are extremely rich and diverse. The features, customs, and habits of each group bring their own beauty that can attract many visitors to come here. If you are curious about ethnic communities in Northwest Vietnam, we do hope this blog can help you learn more.

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  • Monday, 13 February 2023
  • Hazel Mac

Vietnam is the ideal destination for families

Are you seeking an experience in a country filled with rich cultural activities, stunning scenery, excellent food, and friendly people? Then look no further, as Vietnam is where you would love to visit. With a vast scenic landscape along with a diversified culture stretching from the North to the South, Vietnam is the ideal destination for families. Vietnam never fails to amaze any visitor that chooses this S-shaped country as their destination for a family trip to Southeast Asia. Here are five key reasons why you had better visit Vietnam with your children.

Safe and hospitable country

Anyone planning a vacation overseas with their children always cares about the safety of these nations. Vietnam, with its developing tourism sector, is a location where traditional and contemporary, local and foreign lifestyles coexist. In addition, Vietnam is a stable country in terms of politics, economics, and society, and its people are known for being kind and warm-hearted. As a result, your family will feel like your home once you arrive in Vietnam.

Vietnam is the ideal destination for families as Vietnamese youngsters are open-minded, knowledgeable, Westernized, and willing to assist and make new friends. Also, Vietnamese people, regardless of age or gender, love children, so don't be surprised if someone asks you to take some pics with your children. If you are concerned about your family's health, the innovation of the healthcare system in Vietnam today, particularly in major cities, is reassuring. Don't worry; your family will be well-cared and safe in Vietnam.

Enchanting Cultural Engagement

Traveling to other nations with diverse cultural origins is a wonderfully awe-inspiring adventure. This is especially true when it comes to an Asian nation like Vietnam. Your family will create unforgettable memories together during your vacation to Vietnam as you learn about a new culture and its local history. Your children will have an opportunity to learn more about Asian culture, particularly Buddhism, by visiting prominent pagodas or sacred sites in Hanoi, Hue, or Ho Chi Minh City. Museums or historical locations in major towns, such as Hoa Lo Prison, Vietnam Museum of Ethology or Vietnamese Women's Museum, Hue Imperial City, Cu Chi Tunnels, or war museums, are excellent venues for your children to study Vietnam's culture and history.

Vietnamese culture, being a part of Asian society, is deeply based on family values. Thus, traditional Vietnamese festivals such as Lunar New Year's Eve and the Mid-Autumn Festival are ideal occasions for you and your kids to enjoy the cheerful and cozy atmosphere while learning about Vietnamese family culture. Vietnamese children are taught to respect their elders and to love the younger generations; this is an excellent way to teach your children. You may take your children to enjoy cultural shows such as water puppet shows and ethnic minority dance, or simply participate in folk games and play with Vietnamese children on the streets.

Fascinating family experiences

If your family wants an active vacation, each place in Vietnam has a variety of activities ideal for the entire family, even children. Settle your seat and go on an enjoyable cyclo tour around the bustling Hanoi Old Quarter. On delightful boating tours, let your mind wander through the breathtaking mountainous grandeur of Ninh Binh or the rustic farmland of the Mekong Delta. Don't hesitate to take your kids on a biking excursion through beautiful green paddies in Tam Coc, Mai Chau, or Hoi An Ancient Town is also a fantastic site for riding and culture-exploring activities.

If Halong Bay is one of the favorite places on your Vietnam family holidays, kayaking is an iconic experience that you and your family should not miss. Simply put on a life jacket and enjoy the stunning beauty of the heritage site while paddling. Let your children sit in the front seat for easy control and safety assurance. If you are interested in indigenous culture in isolated highland places, a short hike to tribal settlements in Sapa, Mai Chau, or Ha Giang is an excellent experience where your family may get a glimpse of traditional life in Vietnam's highlands. In addition, you may participate in exciting activities like caving, ziplining, kayaking, and swimming in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park.

Aside from the aforementioned exciting activities, authentic life in Vietnam's countryside is always the top-choice experience that almost any family expects to enjoy on their trip. Your family will have the opportunity to become true locals with a journey to the Mekong Delta's daily floating markets, traditional lessons with artisans by learning how to manufacture specialties in craft villages, or learn how to be a genuine farmer with exciting water buffalo riding. Undoubtedly this is why Vietnam is the ideal destination for families.

Everyone will love Vietnamese food.

With extraordinary culinary art, Vietnam is definitely a paradise for any cuisine buff. From street vendors to restaurants serving many types of local noodles and other street food, as well as fancy restaurants with impressive design and décor, all of Vietnam's dishes are the blend of taste, flavor, and talent developed by the Vietnamese people. Local food in Vietnam is well-known for being both healthy and easy to digest, so your children will have no problem trying new meals here. Don’t forget to try a bowl of hot Pho or a hearty tray of Bun Cha in Hanoi, a signature Vietnam Bread - "Banh Mi"—in Hoi An, an exquisite dish of Com Tam (broken rice), or a bowl of Hu Tieu in Saigon. Or simply stop by a random café and sample local Vietnamese Coffee. If any member has special dietary needs, just let the staff know and they will adapt the ingredients to fit your meal.

Top beaches in Southeast Asia

Thanks to the long coastline, Vietnam possesses numerous gorgeous beaches that are ideal for your family to enjoy sun, sand, and sea and participate in exciting watersports. While sunbathing, you may let the kids freely play and make sandcastles on the beaches. Remember to carry all the essential items, especially for your children, whose skin is much more sensitive than adults. The most popular beaches in Vietnam that attract many international tourists are in the south, where there are more sun hours and milder weather than in the north, such as Danang, Mui Ne, Nha Trang, and Phu Quoc Island.

Vietnam always welcomes visitors from all over the world to come and explore its timeless beauty. With a kind and welcoming heart and a safe travel environment, Vietnam is the ideal destination for families. Feel free to contact our Viland Travel specialists for the finest tailor-made Vietnam tours for your family. 

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  • Wednesday, 15 March 2023
  • Ngan-Ha Le

Northern Vietnam Travel Guide: Must-visit Locations For a Perfect Trip

Viland - 14 March 2023: Northern Vietnam is known as a land of rugged mountains, cascading rice terraces, and vibrant cities steeped in history and cultural diversity.

Traveling across Northern Vietnam is an exploration of a region with stunning natural beauty, a rich cultural history, and friendly locals. Northern Vietnam offers something for everyone, whether you're looking for adventure, are a culture vulture, or just want to unwind. Let's go through this comprehensive travel guide to help you make the most of your vacation as there is so much to see and do!

Top 4 must-visit locations of Northern Vietnam


Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, is a must-see destination for any traveler interested in experiencing the rich history and culture of Southeast Asia. The city is known for its ancient architecture, delectable cuisine, and picturesque natural landscapes.

Picture 1: Hanoi city view/ Credit: bbbirdz/

Hanoi's history dates back over a thousand years, and it is home to many well-preserved historical sites and cultural landmarks. Among these are the Temple of Literature, a Confucian temple and former university that dates back to the 11th century, and the Old Quarter, a maze of narrow streets and alleys lined with traditional shophouses and street food vendors.

Hanoi is also known for its diverse and flavorful cuisine, with local specialities like Pho, Bun Cha, and Banh Mi attracting foodies from all over the world. The city's bustling street markets and food stalls offer a unique opportunity to sample authentic Vietnamese dishes and learn about the country's culinary traditions.

Hanoi is a vibrant and exciting destination that offers a wealth of experiences for travelers seeking to explore the culture, history, and natural beauty of Vietnam.

Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh is a stunning province in northern Vietnam, known for its breathtaking natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. Located just a few hours' drive from Hanoi, Ninh Binh offers travelers a unique opportunity to explore the country's rural landscapes and the  traditional way of life.

Picture 3: The attractive Tam Coc - Bich Dong, stays in Ninh Binh, Vietnam/ Credit: Dimol/

The province is home to a number of impressive natural wonders, including the famous Tam Coc - Bich Dong cave complex, which features a series of limestone caves and cliffs that can be explored by boat. Visitors can also take a scenic boat ride along the peaceful Ngo Dong River, passing by rice paddies and limestone karst formations.

Ninh Binh is also steeped in history, with a number of ancient temples and pagodas that offer a glimpse into Vietnam's rich cultural heritage. One of the most impressive of these is the Bai Dinh Pagoda, the largest Buddhist complex in Vietnam, which features a massive statue of Buddha and a stunning collection of ornate temples and shrines.

For those looking to escape the hustle and bustle of city life, Ninh Binh offers a tranquil and peaceful retreat. The province is dotted with small villages and hamlets, where visitors can experience traditional Vietnamese life and sample local delicacies like goat meat and fish sauce.

Ha Giang

Ha Giang, located in the far north of Vietnam, is a stunning mountainous province known for its rugged natural beauty and unique cultural heritage. The region is home to a number of ethnic minority groups, including the Hmong, Tay, and Dao, each with their own distinctive traditions and customs.

Picture 4: Green Field and Trees Under Cloudy Sky in Ha Giang/ Credit: Q. Hưng Phạm/pexels

Ha Giang's landscapes are among the most dramatic and spectacular in all of Vietnam, featuring towering peaks, deep valleys, and winding roads that offer stunning views at every turn. Witness the untamed beauty of Dong Van Karst Plateau Geopark, which has been a well-known World Heritage issued by UNESCO that boasts a variety of unique geological formations, sit on a boat on the Nho Que river to immerse in the natural beauty of Tu San Abyss Alley, visit Yen Minh pine forest - situated on a hillside and boasts towering pine trees that provide a cool, shaded canopy for visitors to enjoy or take a scenic motorbike ride along the Ma Pi Leng Pass, one of the most stunning mountains passes in Southeast Asia.

In addition to its natural beauty, Ha Giang is also known for its rich cultural heritage, with numerous traditional festivals and ceremonies throughout the year. Visitors can learn about the region's unique customs and traditions by visiting local villages and attending events like the Khau Vai Love Market, where young people from different ethnic groups gather to find love and companionship.


Lan Ha Bay

Lan Ha Bay is a hidden gem located in the south of Halong Bay in Vietnam, offering a peaceful and tranquil alternative to the often crowded and touristy Halong Bay. The bay features over 300 karst limestone islands, many of which are uninhabited and untouched, making it an idyllic destination for nature lovers and adventurers.

Picture 5: Birds Eye View of Cat Ba Island, Lan Ha Bay/ Credit: Quang Nguyen Vinh/pexels

The waters of Lan Ha Bay are crystal clear, providing excellent conditions for swimming, kayaking, and snorkeling. Visitors can explore the hidden lagoons, caves, and beaches of the bay or simply relax on the deck of a traditional junk boat while admiring the stunning scenery.

One of the unique aspects of Lan Ha Bay is the presence of floating fishing villages, where local residents have lived for generations. Visitors can learn about the traditional way of life in these villages, including how they cultivate oysters and other seafood, and sample fresh seafood dishes that are unique to the region.


How to get to these locations



Transportation by motorbike in Northern Vietnam is an exhilarating way to explore the region's rugged landscapes and vibrant culture. With its winding mountain roads and picturesque scenery, Northern Vietnam is a popular destination for motorbike enthusiasts. 

Picture 6: People Riding Motorcycle on Road/ Credit: Markus Winkler/pexels

Motorbikes are popular because they can give to the riders a lot of freedom and the feeling of adventure when riding it all over the town. From the winding roads of Ha Giang to the bustling streets of Hanoi, a motorbike allows travelers to experience the sights, sounds and smells of Vietnam up close and personal. While it can be a challenging and sometimes risky way to travel, motorbiking in Northern Vietnam is a thrilling and unforgettable experience.


Transportation by train in Northern Vietnam offers a comfortable and convenient way to explore the region's diverse landscapes and cultural heritage. Travelers can enjoy scenic views and interact with friendly locals along the way. 

Picture 7: Blue and White Train on RailRoad/ Credit: Tony Pham/pexels

Train travel is an eco-friendly and sustainable way to explore Northern Vietnam, with routes connecting popular destinations like Hanoi, Sapa, and Halong Bay. Whether traveling solo or with a group, a train journey through Northern Vietnam provides a unique and memorable experience that is sure to leave a lasting impression.



Transportation by cruise in Northern Vietnam is a luxurious and scenic way to explore the region's stunning natural landscapes and cultural heritage. Visitors can enjoy a variety of routes and experiences on board comfortable and well-equipped cruise ships. 

Picture 8: Passenger Ships Sailing in Halong Bay in Vietnam/ Credit: Rachel Claire/pexels

Cruises offer a unique perspective on Northern Vietnam's breathtaking scenery, allowing travelers to witness the stunning sunsets and sunrises, explore hidden caves and beaches, and sample delicious local cuisine. Whether traveling with a partner or a group, a cruise through Northern Vietnam is a perfect way to unwind and enjoy the region's beauty in style.


Final thoughts

From the breathtaking landscapes of Ninh Binh and Ha Giang to the bustling cities of Hanoi and Lan Ha Bay's tranquility, Northern Vietnam offers a unique and unforgettable experience.

Don’t know how to make the most of your trip within just a short amount of time? Look no further because Viland Travel has exactly what you’re looking for! With our 8-day 7-night Tour: Exploring the Breathtaking Landscapes in Northern Vietnam, you can experience the best of Northern Vietnam in just one tour. You'll have the chance to visit all the must-see destinations while also immersing yourself in the local culture and cuisine. Our knowledgeable guides will take you off the beaten path to explore hidden gems and experience the region's unique customs and traditions. Whether you're traveling solo or with a group, our tour provides a hassle-free and unforgettable adventure through Northern Vietnam. 

Book now and let Viland Travel create an unforgettable experience for you!


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