Activities in Vietnam for your ultimate culture exploration

In our interconnected world, urban centers offer a glimpse into various cultures, but true immersion requires venturing beyond. Vietnam, steeped in history and traditions, boasts a tapestry of cultures, languages, and historical influences. The country’s evolution over centuries reflects a harmonious blend of native traditions and foreign impacts, resulting in a rich and diverse cultural landscape.

The cultural diversity extends across Vietnam’s cities and regions, each encapsulating a unique essence. For first-time visitors, these distinctions may not be immediately apparent, as the initial experience can be overwhelming. To aid in navigating and appreciating this country’s cultural tapestry, we present to you a curated list of cultural sights and activities in Vietnam. These experiences promise an authentic immersion into Vietnam’s beauty, ensuring your journey transcends the surface and delves deep into the heart of its vibrant culture.

Top destinations and activities in Vietnam that unveil the country’s heritage

Embarking on a cultural exploration of Vietnam is now made simpler with these carefully chosen destinations, providing the perfect starting point for your journey into the rich tapestry of Vietnamese heritage. With a history spanning 4000 years and stretching vertically over 3260 kilometers, Vietnam stands as a captivating cultural gem within the Indochina Peninsula and Southeast Asia at large.

The allure of Vietnamese culture intricately weaves together elements from Chinese, Indian, Cambodian, French, and local traditions. This unique blend positions Vietnam as a burgeoning cultural haven for enthusiasts worldwide. The selected destinations and activities in Vietnam presented below have been thoughtfully curated by both native and global travelers. Each city encapsulates distinctive cultural attractions, contributing to the nation’s cultural mosaic that unfolds along its length. This guide ensures you have a well-defined starting point for your cultural exploration, offering a glimpse into the diverse and captivating facets of Vietnam’s cultural identity.


Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi/Credit: Hội Nguyễn/pexels
Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi/Credit: Hội Nguyễn/pexels

Hanoi, a city resonating with the harmonious blend of local Vietnamese culture and the influence of former colonial powers, offers a captivating tapestry of history and traditions. Shaped by Chinese and French dominion at various points, Hanoi showcases a unique fusion of architectural styles, traditions, and culinary delights from its colonial past. 

Hanoi, with its multifaceted cultural offerings, invites you to delve into a mesmerizing journey through time and heritage.

Explore the Old Quarter:

Ha Noi Street Vendors
Ha Noi Street Vendors

Wander through the enchanting lanes of the Old Quarter to witness the convergence of local street life, French architectural remnants, Chinese temples, and historical Vietnamese buildings. This area encapsulates the city’s vibrant history and diverse cultural influences.

Visit Cultural Museums:

Ethnic house in the museum

Hanoi boasts several museums that vividly narrate Vietnam’s cultural evolution and colonial history. The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, the Ho Chi Minh Museum, and the National Museum of Vietnamese History are among the most popular destinations providing insightful glimpses into the nation’s heritage.

Enjoy the unique Water Puppet Show:

Ha Noi Water Puppet Theater
Ha Noi Water Puppet Theater

Experience a unique form of traditional entertainment with a water puppet show. This art form, originating in the rice fields of the Red River Delta, combines skilled puppetry, water effects, and music to narrate folk tales and cultural stories.


Sapa stands out as an exceptional destination where the fusion of tourism and local culture creates an immersive experience, surpassing even Ha Giang in accessibility. The richness of Sapa’s cultural tapestry is showcased through a myriad of activities, making it an enticing haven for explorers. 

Sapa’s charm lies not just in its breathtaking landscapes but in the hands-on cultural experiences that await, making it a must-visit for those seeking a profound connection with Vietnam’s diverse traditions.

Trekking Sapa most highlighted villages

Trekking in Sapa unveils the heart of local culture, offering adventurous journeys through villages inhabited by diverse ethnic groups. As you traverse the scenic landscapes, you witness traditional farming practices in rice fields and gain insights into the daily lives of the locals. Popular routes include Ta Van, Cat Cat, and Muong Hoa Valley.

Immerse yourself in local markets

Beyond the bustling Sapa market, day trips to authentic markets like Bac Ha and Can Cau offer a deeper understanding of local trade and customs.

Chillax at beautiful homestays

Immerse yourself in the local way of life by opting for a homestay. Accommodating you in traditional cabins, ethnic families provide an authentic experience, complete with meals cooked on open fires.


Inside The Citadel. Imperial Forbidden City. Hue, Vietnam / Source: Smoke666 - YayImages
Inside The Citadel. Imperial Forbidden City. Hue, Vietnam / Source: Smoke666 – YayImages

Immerse yourself in the rich historical tapestry of Vietnam by venturing into Hue, the former royal capital. This city stands as a testament to the vanished Vietnamese empire’s might, offering a captivating journey through its monuments, temples, palaces, tombs, and pagodas. Hue rightfully secures its place as a top cultural destination in Vietnam, attracting enthusiasts from around the globe.

Marvel at the remarkable architecture of Imperial Palace

Hue Imperial Palace serves as a cultural anchor, providing a profound glimpse into history, complemented by visits to centuries-old palaces, tombs, and temples. The architecture and artifacts narrate the story of Vietnam’s imperial past, making it an essential experience for history enthusiasts.

Sail along Perfume River on a boat trip

A boat trip along the Perfume River unveils the city’s scenic beauty, with various landmarks dotting the riverbanks. This tranquil journey allows for a unique perspective on Hue’s cultural richness.

Learn the history at DMZ

For those intrigued by Vietnam’s wartime history, a visit to the DMZ (demilitarized zone) provides insight into the country’s past struggles. Hue, with its blend of historical significance and cultural allure, promises an immersive exploration for travelers drawn to the exotic and intriguing facets of Vietnamese heritage.

Hoi An

Immerse yourself in Vietnam’s rich cultural tapestry by exploring Hoi An Ancient Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that stands as a testament to the vibrant trade port it once was in the 16th and 17th centuries. This well-preserved city was a melting pot of cultural exchange, welcoming traders from Japan, China, Spain, and the Netherlands. Today, Hoi An offers a captivating journey through history with its historical museums, heritage houses, delectable cuisine, and unique shopping experiences, all contributing to the city’s cultural vibrancy.

Wander through the city of old

The very act of strolling through its ancient streets is a cultural activity in itself. Explore museums and historic buildings that provide insights into its illustrious past.

Learn craftmanship at local villages

Surrounding Hoi An are craft villages showcasing traditional practices, from pottery-making to working the land with water buffaloes, offering a hands-on understanding of local crafts.

Have fun with cooking classes 

Hoi An stands out as Vietnam’s culinary haven, making it the perfect place to partake in cooking classes. Delve into Vietnamese cuisine and visit local markets for an immersive culinary experience that goes beyond the plate. Hoi An is a treasure trove of cultural activities, ensuring a deeply enriching exploration of Vietnam’s past and present.

Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh city Notre Dame Cathedral
Ho Chi Minh city Notre Dame Cathedral

Ho Chi Minh City, shaped prominently by Western influence due to prolonged American presence, reflects a unique blend of cultures unlike anywhere else in Vietnam. This economic hub, formerly known as Saigon, boasts a dynamic fusion of Asian and Western elements. From French colonial buildings to towering skyscrapers, ancient Chinese temples to trendy nightclubs, the city’s architecture mirrors its diverse cultural tapestry. Exploring Ho Chi Minh City’s culture is a captivating journey through time and influences. 

Explore the city with a motor tour

Ho Chi Minh city Bui Vien street
Ho Chi Minh city Bui Vien street

Engaging in a motor tour provides an authentic local experience, winding through bustling streets on the back of a motorcycle. For a delightful twist, embark on a food tour, navigating street tents and local eateries to savor the diverse flavors of Vietnamese cuisine.

Learn history at Vietnam War sites

Delving into the city’s history, Vietnam War enthusiasts can visit significant sites such as the War Remnants Museum, Cu Chi Tunnels, and the Independence Palace, where the war concluded. Ho Chi Minh City invites visitors to not only witness its rich cultural heritage but to immerse themselves in a vibrant and harmonious convergence of East and West.

Mekong Delta

Mekong Delta, a cultural melting pot, is home to diverse ethnic groups, primarily Vietnamese and Khmer, with the latter being the second-largest ethnic community numbering nearly 2 million. This cultural amalgamation brings forth a tapestry of customs, celebrations, and traditions unique to the Mekong Delta, setting it apart from the rest of Vietnam. The delta’s distinct way of life revolves around water, evident in stilted houses and vibrant floating markets that characterize the region.

Engaging in cultural activities in the Mekong Delta unveils a plethora of experiences:

Take your time with an exciting boat trip

The best way to absorb the essence of the Mekong Delta is by embarking on a boat trip. This offers a close-up view of local life and the opportunity to explore various villages along the riverbanks.

Visit local factories & plantations:

The delta’s fertile land supports numerous fruit plantations and local factories, including coconut candy production. Visiting these places provides insight into the region’s agricultural practices.

Enjoy a bowl of noodle at the floating markets

A highlight of the Mekong Delta is its vibrant floating markets, where locals buy and sell goods directly from their boats, creating a lively and colorful spectacle.

Cycling through green paddy fields

For a more immersive experience, cycling through the delta allows visitors to explore different villages and witness the daily life and culture of the local inhabitants.

Final thoughts

Embarking on a cultural exploration trip in Vietnam is an enriching experience that undoubtedly belongs on the bucket list of every wanderlust enthusiast. Vietnam’s cultural tapestry is a mesmerizing blend of ancient traditions, diverse ethnicities, and a history that spans millennia. From the bustling streets of Hanoi to the ancient charm of Hoi An and the vibrant Mekong Delta, each region holds a unique cultural allure waiting to be discovered.

To truly indulge in these cultural activities in Vietnam, consider Viland Travel’s customized tours for a complete hassle free experience. Viland Travel, with its expertise in navigating Vietnam’s rich cultural landscape, offers bespoke itineraries that cater to the unique preferences and interests of each traveler. Whether you seek to explore historical landmarks, savor authentic cuisine, or immerse yourself in the daily life of local communities, Viland Travel ensures a personalized and seamless journey.

From the awe-inspiring landscapes of Ha Long Bay to the ethnic diversity of Sapa, Viland Travel’s curated tours go beyond the surface, providing an in-depth and authentic exploration of Vietnam’s cultural treasures. This travel experience promises not just sightseeing but a genuine connection with the heart and soul of this captivating country, making it an essential addition to any cultural explorer’s bucket list.